6 - 9 October 2023
Dubai, UAE

Host sponsor

Emirates Global Aluminium


Michel Reverdy, Andrey Panov, Thymis Balomenos, Houshang Alamdari, Vinko Potocnik, Dagoberto Severo and Serge Despinasse.


The three-day ICSOBA conference took place on 6-9 November 2023. The conference covered bauxite, alumina, bauxite residue, carbon for aluminium electrolysis, aluminium production, and casthouse operation in a variety of technical sessions. EGA was the host sponsor.

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Сonference materials

KN01 - Sustainability at Emirates Global Aluminium - Safeguarding the Environment Social Responsibility and Good Governance
KN02 - The Decarbonisation Journey of the Aluminium Industry – Opportunities and Challenges to Achieve Net-Zero
KN03 - Net-zero Emissions from Primary Aluminium Production - Is it Technologically and Economically Possible by 2050
KN04 - The Decarbonisation of the Aluminium Industry Between Promises and Reality
KN05 - Towards Carbon Neutral Primary Aluminium Smelting via Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture
KN06 - The Aluminium Industry’s Progress on Sustainability  
KN07 - Future of Indian Aluminium Sector - Challenges and Progress
KN08 - CRU’s Bauxite and Alumina Market Outlook - Upstream Investments Remain Attractive
KN09 - Outlook for the Aluminium Market - The Shape of Things to Come
KN10 - Digital Transformation - the EGA Way
KN11 - Navigating the Energy Crisis - Alunorte's Journey Towards Low Carbon Alumina and its Impact on the Global Aluminium Industry
KN12 - Solar Energy for the Aluminium Industry’s Transition into the Future
KN13 - Smelter Grade Alumina Properties - The Alumina Refinery Challenge
KN14 - Alumina Properties and Challenges Ahead
ST01 - Resilience to Climate Change – A Tool to Assess Climate Impacts on Human Health of Aluminium Sector Workers and Communities
ST02 - Decarbonizing the Aluminum Industry – A Pathway to Sustainable Growth
ST03 - Sustainability of the Indian Aluminium Industry through Circular Economy
ST04 - Compendium of Climate Change Mitigation Practices at NALCO Smelter
ST05 - Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction of Alumina Production under the Dual Carbon Strategy
ST06 - Research and Development Perspectives in the Mining Industry
ST07 - Aluminium from the Amazon - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
ST08 - Using Artificial Intelligence in Process Automation for the Detection of Land Use Change by Removal of Vegetation
ST09 - Solid Waste Masterplan - A New Approach for the Circular Economy in Alunorte Alumina Refinery
ST10 - The Bauxite Community Development Program - A Blueprint for Community Engagement and Sustainable Mining
ST11 - Sustainable Robotised Floating System for Collecting Debris from Discharge Basin for Aluminium Industries
ST12 - Achieving Zero Liquid Discharge through Sustainable Water Management in Hindalco Renukoot
ST13 - Action Plan for the Phase-out of Ozone Depleting Substances at Hindalco
ST14 - Production of Hydrogen Using Waste Aluminium Dross - Secondary Source of Next Generation Fuel
BX01 - Pilot Tests with Tertiary Cyclone for Reactive Silica Removal from Amazonian Bauxite
BX02 - Reactive Silica Reduction on Bauxite by Flotation
BX03 - The Research of Technology for Combined Desulfurization of Refractory Ultra-high Sulfur Bauxite by Gravity Flotation
BX04 - A Process for the Development of Calcined Bauxite from Ferruginous Bauxite   
BX05 - Phase Estimation of Bauxite by Thermogravimetric Analysis
BX06 - Lithological Layer Prediction (LLP) through Machine Learning in Mineral Exploration at Paragominas Bauxite Province, Brazil
BX07 - Strategic Application of a Wireless Tool on the Dozers Maintenance in A Bauxite Mine   
BX08 - IOT Vibration Monitoring System Interfacing with PI System   
BX09 - Online Predictive Asset Monitoring Via Cloud Specialist System   
BX10 - Performance Changes in Alunorte Bauxite Dewatering
BX11 - Mechanism of Action of Filter Aids for Bauxite Concentrate Filtration and Performance Validation at Laboratory and Industrial Scale
BX12 - Cutting-edge Technology Supporting Hydro Paragominas Transmission Line Management System
BX13 - Decarbonisation and Cost Reduction Obtained by Replacing Transit Vehicles in Bauxite Mining   
BX14 - Carbon Emissions Reduction in the Refrigeration Air Conditioning Process in Bauxite Mining   
BX15 - Environmental Licensing Operational Plan for Mining Industries - A Case Study at Hydro Paragominas
BX16 - Tailing Dam Closure with Revegetation - Use of Green Manure for the Improvement of Technosoil Built from Bauxite Tailings   
BX17 - Contributions from 10-year Biodiversity Research Consortium to the Sustainability of Bauxite Mine Operations   
BX18 - Optimization of the Environmental Recovery Process - An Alternative for Rehabilitating Failures in Recovered Areas
BX19 - Rehabilitation in a Bauxite Tailing Dam System - A Pilot Project
AA01 - Complementary Advantages of Steel-Alumina Joint Venture to Achieve Efficient and Low-Carbon Development   
AA02 - Alumina Production from CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 Slag Produced in SisAl Process   
AA03 - Filtration of Digester Blow-Off - An Option for the Refinery Design of the Future   
AA04 - Enhancing Solid-Liquid Separation in Alumina Refineries – A Comparative Study of Gravity Decanters and Diastar Filters
AA05 - Some Laboratory Pitfalls in Redside Bayer Chemistry   
AA06 - Study of Guinean Bauxite Processing under Low and High Digestion Temperatures
AA07 - Analysis of the Break-Even Point of Guinea Bauxite Digestion at High and Low Temperature
AA08 - Increase in Bauxite Grinding Mill Throughput
AA09 - Effect of Pre-Desilication Time and Temperature on Desilication Behavior of Low-Silica Guinea Bauxites
AA10 - Kinetics of Silica Dissolution from Post Differential Extraction Slurry
AA11 - Research on Digestion Conditions of High Carbonate Bauxite to Improve Performance
AA12 - Investigating the Processability of Low Grade Bauxite Available in Jamaica
AA13 - The Characteristics of Goethite in Bauxite and Synthesis of a Novel Flocculant
AA14 - Implementation of Filtration Cake Recovery Process
AA15 - Conversion to Single Dosing Flocculant from Dual Dosing of Flocculant
AA16 - Study on Influencing Factors of Precipitation Ratio
AA17 - Successful Application and Installation of SWIRLFLOW® Mixing Technology in an Inverted Cone Precipitation Tank at the Hindalco Alumina Refinery in India
AA18 - Importance of Chemical Cleaning for Precipitation Optimization
AA19 - Extended Operation Experience of Superhex High Corrosion Resistance Low Carbon Steel at Alumina Refineries
AA20 - Real time Prediction of Evaporator Circuit Performance Using ML Based Soft Sensors
AA21 - Optimization of Sodium Oxalate Removal within the Bayer Process
AA22 - Corrosion Inhibitor Use in the Gland Seal Water System of a Greenfield Alumina Refinery
AA23 - Carbon Footprint Reduction in Alumina Calciners
AA24 - Decarbonizing Alumina Calcination by Fuel Conversion
AA25 - A Sustainable and Substitute Energy Resource Model with LPG Utilization in the Alumina Production Process
AA26 - Application of Operational Technology Cybersecurity in Alumina Refining
AA27 - Digital Services for Alumina Refineries  
AA28 - LIBS – An Emerging Technique of Real-Time Elemental Analysis for Process Control in Alumina Production
AA29 - Gallium Balance in a Greenfield Alumina Refinery
AA30 - Research on the Source and Recovery Methods of Gallium
AA31 - Extraction of Gallium from Jamaican Bayer Process Operations
AA32 - Synthesis of Amidoxime Chelating Resin and Its Adsorption of Gallium in Bayer Spent Liquor
AA33 - Effect of Vanadium Ion Impurity on the Adsorption of Gallium on Resin
AA34 - New Products from RUSAL’s Super-Fine Precipitated Aluminum Hydroxide  
AA35 - Morphological Studies on Spark Plug Grade Alumina for the Improvement of the Electro-Mechanical Properties of the Material
AA36 - Effect of Submicron Reactive Alumina on the Rheological and Physico-Mechanical Properties of Microsilica Free Low Cement Castables
BR01 - Mineralogical and Compositional Description of Al Taweelah Alumina Refinery’s Bauxite Residue
BR02 - Red to Green Projects in Alumina Refineries of Hindalco   
BR03 - Bauxite Residue Management Governance in the Americas and the Future Global Focus on Critical Minerals
BR04 - Experimental Study on Mineral Phase Transformation - Low Intensity Magnetic Separation of High Iron Red Mud of Guinea Bauxite   
BR05 - Iron Source from Bauxite Residues by Using Microwave Technology   
BR06 - Ferrotitanium Production from BR - A Study of the Aluminothermic Process   
BR07 - Experimental Study on Hydrogen Reduction of Bauxite Residue Pellets Using H2-H2O Mixtures   
BR08 - Sustainably Transforming Bauxite Residue into Critical Minerals
BR09 - Technology of Scandium Oxide Production from Bauxite Residue  
BR10 - Flowsheets that Can Turn BR into Building Materials and Save CO2   
BR11 - Scaling Up Soil Conditioner Production Using Bauxite Residue and Oil Palm Wastes   
BR12 - The Use of Dealkalised Bauxite Residue in Cement Applications
BR13 - Application of Synthetic Aggregate from Bauxite Residue in Structural Elements   
BR14 - The Effects of Bauxite Residue on Mechanical and Architectural Properties of Portland Cement-Based Compositions
BR15 - The House of Bauxite   
CB01 - Effect of Mechanical Stress on Pitch Distribution during Anode Baking
CB02 - Stub to Carbon Design Improvement
CB03 - Upgrade to Narrower and Deeper Slots in Anodes - Improving Efficiency and Mechanical Behavior
CB04 - Towards Utilization of Bio-binders in Carbon Anodes for Aluminum Industry
CB05 - Impact of Heating Rate on Biocoke and Carbon Anode Quality
CB06 - Bio pitch Improvement for Coal Tar Pitch Replacement in Pre-baked Anodes
CB07 - Reserarch on Premixed Stable Combustion Process of Vertical Shaft for Coke Calcination Furnace
CB08 - Practical Use of Online Chemical Analyser for Spent Anodes Quality Control
CB09 - Active dust aspiration during the packing coke filling
CB10 - Introduction of a Vertical Shaft Kiln Coke at Ma'aden Green Mill
CB11 - Challenges in Operation of Rodding Induction Furnaces in Ma'aden
CB12 - Improvements in Baked Anode Quality through Reducing Process Variations and Debottlenecking Carbon Plant
CB13 - Impact of Sulphur Content on the Electrical Resistivity of Carbon Anodes
CB14 - Superior Sensitivity of Blaine Method Compared to Sieving Analysis of Utrafines
CB15 - Improving Prebaked Anodes Electrical Resistivity in Aluminium Bahrain (Alba)
CB16 - Electrical Resistivity and Baking Level Improvement through Anode Manufacturing Process Optimization
CB17 - How the CPC Specification and Smelter Strategies Impact Performance and Anode Quality
CB18 - Anode Properties Improvements at Sohar Aluminium
AL01 - Amperage Increase in EGA Al Taweelah DX Technology Potlines
AL02 - Productivity Enhancement at Mahan Aluminium through Amperage Increase
AL03 - The Practice and Effectiveness of Aluminum Reduction 4221-Process Technology in SPIC Nei Mongol Energy Co. Ltd
AL04 - Application of SAMI Intensive-Current and Energy-Saving Technology in a 240 kA Potline
AL05 - Critical Pots Index Report in EGA Potlines
AL06 - Introducing Forced Convection Network in AP Potlines in Aluminium Bahrain (Alba)
AL07 - STARprobeTM Implementation in Sohar Aluminium Potline
AL08 - Development of China's Aluminum Industry and NFC-NEUI Aluminum Smelting Technology Development and Applications
AL09 - Research and Discussion on High Quality Technology Upgrade Plans for Chinese Smelters under New Government Policies
AL10 - Industrial Application of Double-Port Energy Saving Technology and HORRS System for Aluminum Electrolysis Cells
AL11 - Relocation of a 400 kA Potline - Pot Upgrade and Energy Saving Roadmap
AL12 - Online Shunting of Pots in Hirakud Potline
AL13 - Alumina Distribution and Transport System to Pots Retrofitted in EGA Jebel Ali Potlines 5 and 6
AL14 - Project Management of New Pot Feed and New Cranes Procurement at EGA Jebel Ali Potlines 5 and 6
AL15 - Smart Cranes at Emirates Global Aluminium
AL16 - Industrial Internet of Things Based Measurement Instrument in Potroom
AL17 - An Anode Crisis - The Pitfalls of an Anode Length Increase
AL18 - Application of Nano-Ceramic Anti-Oxidation Coating on Anodes of Aluminum Reduction Pots
AL19 - The Continuous Prebaked Anode Cell - a Pathway to Carbon Capture in Aluminium Production
AL20 - Numerical Modelling of Voltage Drop due to Anode Bubbles
AL21 - Impact of Slots Inclination and Thickness on the Distribution of Gas Bubbles Generated below the Anode
AL22 - Alucell Latest Development - Modelling Impact of CO2 Bubbles and Anode Slot Configuration on Liquid Flows in Hall-Héroult Pot
AL23 - Research and Application of Advanced Energy-Saving Technology for Aluminum Reduction Cells
AL24 - Experience with Homogeneous Cu Collector Bars Directly Fitted into Cathode Blocks
AL25 - Collector Bar Copper Insert Design and Improvements in EGA Technologies
AL26 - Modelling Study of the Impact of Copper Insert Design on Aluminium Reduction Cell Heat Balance and Voltage
AL27 - Silicon Carbide Sidelining Materials in Reduction Cells - Corrosion Resistance, Service Life and Testing
AL28 - Fully Automated XRD Analysis of Electrolytic Bath – An Advanced and Flexible Approach for Rapid and Accurate Process Monitoring
AL29 - Plant-Floor Chemical Composition Analysis of Liquid Aluminum
AL30 - The Role of New Sensors for Hall-Heroult Process Control, Optimization and Advanced Analytics
AL31 - Quick and Safe Replacement of an Existing Pot Control System by ALPSYS
AL32 - Maintaining Optimal Setpoint Voltage in Smelter Pots Using Digital Technologies and ML Algorithms
AL33 - AI-Based Autonomous Cell Control in RA-550 Cell Technology
AL34 - Analysis and Solution of Problems in Early Alumina Conveying System
AL35 - Low Bulk Density vs High Bulk Density Aluminium Fluoride - A Comparative Study on Flowability and Practical Applications in Aluminium Smelting
AL36 - Visualization of Anode Effect in High Temperature Transparent Aluminum Electrolysis Cell
AL37 - Retrofitted GTC Performs Better than New
AL38 - Experiences with the REEL Heat Exchangers and HF Sniffers Installed at EGA Al Taweelah
AL39 - Management of Fluoride Emissions During Amperage Increase in Potlines
AL40 - Study of Gibbsite Effect on HF Emission in Aluminum Reduction Cells
AL41 - Artificial Neural Networks for Predicting and Improving HF Generation and Recovery Efficiency
AL42 - Effect of SO2 Concentration and Humidity on the Removal of SO2 from Cell Effluent Gases Using Hydrated Lime
AL43 - Modification of Flue Gas Semi-Dry Desulfurization Technology Applied in Primary Aluminium Smelting to Reduce the Consumption of Hydrated Lime Reagent
AL44 - A Deep Learning-Based Robot for Anode Cover Thickness (R-FACT) Measurement in Aluminum Electrolysis Cells
AL45 - Thermal Conductivity Measurement and Heat Loss Analysis of Anode Cover Material for Aluminium Reduction Cell
AL46 - Simulation and Analysis of the Impact of Current Variations on Electrothermal Balance in Aluminum Electrolysis Cell
AL47 - Modelling Study of Bath Agitation by Bubbles and its Effect on Bath-Metal Interface Stability
AL48 - Impact of Anode Change on MHD in Aluminum Reduction Cell
AL49 - Impact of Metal Pad Heave on Shell Temperature of Aluminum Reduction Cells
AL50 - Impact of TE-MHD Coupling on Cell Performance
AL51 - Cathode Design Effects on MHD Stability of Aluminium Reduction Cells
AL52 - A New Mechanical Model of Magnetohydrodynamic Instabilities in Aluminium Electrolysis Cells
AL53 - Modeling of the Distribution of Alumina Aggregates in an Electrolysis Cell based on a Multi-Slice Method
AL54 - Model Predictive Control of Maintaining the Superheat of an Aluminium Smelting Cell During Power Modulation
AL55 - A Study on Predicting Electrolyte Temperature of Aluminium Smelting Cells for Power Modulation
CH01 - The Impact of Skim Dam Design on the Molten Aluminium Temperature Uniformity at Sheet Ingot Mold Periphery
CH02 - An Experimental and CFD Based Synergic Approach to Improve Productivity and Quality of Continuous Cast Aluminum Wire Rod
CH03 - ExtruForm – a New Combined Rolling - Extrusion Process for Wire Rod and Sections
CH04 - Initiatives to Minimize Dross Generation in Casthouse
CH05 - Optimizing Casting Process Parameters by Using Design of Experiments and Machine Learning
CH06 - Safe, Autonomous, and Energy Efficient Furnace Tending, Minimizing Waste
CH07 - Real-Time Crucible Chemical Composition (LP-LIBS) Analysis Implementation at a Casthouse
CH08 - Developments in Billet Casting Ring Technology
CH09 - Hydrogen-ready Oxyfuel Solutions for Decreased Fuel Consumption and Increased Melt Rate - Technology and Results
CH10 - Dross - A Solution to the Conflicting Goals of Maximum Economic Returns and Minimal Environmental Footprint
Show all papers

BR15 - The House of Bauxite   

Authors: Efthymios Balomenos, Panagiotis Davris, Grigoris Pachalis, Alexandros Peteinarelis, Nikolaos Patsavos, Lukas Arnout, Elise François, Thomas Lapauw, Christos Georgopoulos, Konstantinos Sakkas, Michiel Giels, Tobias Hertel and Yiannis Pontikes - Mytilineos, University of Ioannina, ResouceFull BVBA, ENALOS, KU Leuven

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